Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) are believed to be one of the oldest cultivated beans, dating back as far as 5400 BC. Chickpeas are the protein-rich, vital legumes grown for human consumption. They restore and maintain the soil fertility by their nitrogen fixing capability, and fit very well into crop rotation systems. The two main varieties of chickpeas are the large, light-seeded Kabuli type, also called garbanzo beans, and the small, dark-seeded Desi type. Over 90% of the global chickpeas are produced and consumed in Asia.